A Gripping Account of 54 War Correspondents K.I.A. in WWII 1940-1945 by Doral Chenoweth


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1. The Herald Tribune Bureau served a daily and Sunday European edition of The New York Herald Tribune in Paris. Largely through efforts of the Bureau, the Herald Tribune was able to score creditable beats not only during World War II but also later from Korea with such correspondents as Homor Bigart and Marguerite Higgins on the scene. Miss Higgins, at one time the only female correspondent in Korea, radioed an eyewitness account of the fall of Seoul to her home office and further added to her laurels by being the first to report General MacArthur's intention to bomb North Korean airfields.

Today in 1975, both The New York Herald Tribune and its Bureau are defunct. However, a Paris edition of the Herald Tribune is still published.

2. Mrs. Hancock became an American citizen on November 9, 1949. She resided at Virginia Beach, Virginia after coming to the United States.

3. A Bluefield (W. Va.) Telegraph reporter asked Mrs. Hancock if she liked being married to a war correspondent. She said, "I like being married to this correspondent." The war was costly for Mrs. Hancock. Her mother was killed during the London blitz, and her father lost his eyesight as a result of the bombings.

4. Approximately fifty kilograms or 110 pounds.

5. Fron Six Bells Off Java by William H. McDougall, Jr., United Press. McDougall lived but was captured. He remained a prisoner for four years during which time he vowed to devote his life to the priesthood should he survive. Upon release after the war, he kept that vow.

6. Magna cum laude

7. Mrs. Jacoby was the daughter of Leland E. Whitmore of Buffalo, New York. She was the only accredited woman war correspondent in the early days of World War II. Immediately prior to the official entry of the United States into the war, she was publicity director of United China Relief Incorporated at Chungking. She resigned when she married Jacoby.

Melville and Annalee Jacoby were transferred from Manila to the Bataan Peninsula but another Life magazine husband and wife team remained behind. When Manila fell to the Japanese on January 2, 1942, Carl and Shelley Mydans were interned in a Japanese concentration camp.

8. From Life story "MacArthur's Men" by Jacoby, March 16, 1942.

9. Larry Allen was captured by Axis forces during an air and sea raid on Tobruk on September 13, 1942. The destroyer Sikh, Allen's vantage point, was sunk during the attack.

10. Background material for this subject was supplied by Jack Falcon, author of The Australian Press.

11. Ryaner was 34 at the time of his death. Mrs. Raynor, the former Miss Isobel Jenner, and their sons, Neville and Geoffrey, then aged 13 and 9 respectively, thereafter resided on Simpson's Road, Bardon, Brisbane.

12. Ian Morrison, correspondent for The Times in London, and Haydon Lennard, Australian Broadcasting Commission reporter, were slightly injured in the same crash. See Taves' story in Chapter XIII, "The United Press in War."

13. Excerpts from Lewis' letters are quoted instead of his published dispatches.

14. Raymond Clapper -- Watching the World, Whittlesey House (McGraw-Hill Book Company) 1944.

15. In studying the writings of our deceased correspondents that appeared in the thirties, it is my opinion that Clapper made the best commentary on the sequence of events leading up to and including the United States' entry into World War II. He second-guessed the dictators daily and the history of the war has proved that he called his shots well. (Author) (See Prewar chapter, Watching the World, 1934 to 1944.)

16. Doubleday, Doran & Company, Inc., 1944 list.

17. Vice President and European Manager for United Press.

18. Chickering was covering the Navy offensive from the bridge of the U.S.S. New Mexico when struck by shell fragments. He died soon after.

19. Leyete

20. Material quoted in this chapter was copyrighted by Scripps-Howard Newspaper Alliance and is presented herein with permission. Much of this material appeared in the volumes, Ernie Pyle in England (Robert M. McBride & Company), Brave Men (Henry Holt and Company), Last Chapter (Henry Holt and Company) and An Ernie Pyle Album (William Sloane Associates, Inc.) by Lee G. Miller. Personal data was supplied by the Washington office of the Scripps-Howard Newspaper Alliance. Marshall Coles of the Washington office, a personal friend of Ernie Pyle's, contributed greatly to this finished anthology of great reporting.

21. Robert M. McBride & Co., New York, 1941.

22. Married by proxy March 10, 1943.

23. Each successive group of bombers were using the smoke from the burst of its predecessor as a target for its own bombing run.

24. During this bombing, which occurred near St. Lo, 25 July 1944, our own misdirected bombs killed hundreds of our own men. Among those killed was Lieutenant General Leslie J. McNair, commander of the Army Ground Forces in the ETO.

PROTECTION: Filed with Writers Guild of America, 2003.
Renewed Copyright Pending