28 January 1946
Following is a list of war correspondents who were killed by enemy action or died from natural or accidental causes during the time they were accredited as news correspondents with American Army forces in active theaters of operations. This list was compiled from information furnished by the various theaters concerned.
Click on a name to take you to their page.
|Andrew, John J.||United Press||India-Burma||Missing on B-29 strike |
5 Nov 44
|Barnes, Ralph||NY Herald Tribune||European||Died in bomber crash in Yugoslavia|
|Bellaire, Robert||Colliers||SWPA||Died of injuries in Jeep accident in Japan |
30 Sept 1945
|Bush, Ashael||Associated Press||SWPA||Battle casualty in Jap bombing of Tacloban |
26 Oct 44
|Byam-Borstalens, Guy||BBC||European||Battle casualty |
3 Feb 45
|Cashman, John R.||INS||SWPA||Killed in plane crash at Okinawa |
31 July 45
|Crockett, Harry||Associated Press||Mediterranean||Killed on torpedoed British Vessel |
5 Feb 43
|Chickering, William||Time, Inc.||SWPA||Battle casualty |
6 Jan 45
|Cuhel, Frank J.||Mutual Broadcasting||SWPA||Killed in Clipper crash at Lisbon |
21 Feb. 43
|Clapper, Raymond||Scripps-Howard||SWPA (Navy)||Killed in plane crash at Kwajalein |
5 Feb 44
|Darnton, Byron||NY Times||SWPA||Battle casualty off New Guinea |
18 Oct 42
|Dick, Harold||Australian D. of I.||SWPA||Non battle |
20 July 43
|Elliott, John||Australian Broad. Co.||SWPA||3 July 1945|
|Faust, Frederick (Max Brand)||Harpers Magazine||Mediterranean||Battle casualty Lower Gorigliano, Italy |
12 May 44
|Fisher, Tom||Australian War Photog.||SWPA||Killed N. Guinea |
1 Oct 42
|Frankish, John F.||United Press||European||Battle casualty |
23 Dec 44
|Fyfe, Ian H.||London Daily Mirror||European||Battle casualty |
6 June 1944
|Gunn, Stanley||Ft. Worth Star-Telegram||SWPA||Battle casualty |
29 Oct 44
|Hancock, D. Witt||Associated Press||SWPA||Sea battle casualty off Sumatra |
7 March 42
|Irvin, George B.||Associated Press||European||Battle casualty near Point Herbert, France |
25 July 44
|Jacoby, Melville||Time, Inc.||SWPA||Non battle killed in accident in Australia |
20 Apr 42
|Janiaux, Rene||Le People (Belgium)||European||Battle casualty |
6 Apr 45
|Kulick, Harold||Popular Science||European||Non battle killed in air crash England |
10 Aug 44
|Labaudt, Lucien||Life||India-Burma||Killed plane crash Assam, India |
12 Dec 43
|Lardner, David||New Yorker||European||Battle casualty Jeep hit mine near Aachen |
19 Oct 44
|Lawless, Peter||London Daily Telegraph||European||Battle casualty |
10 Mar 45
|Lewis, Robert E.||American Red Cross||SWPA||Non battle killed in aircraft crash Port Moresby |
26 Nov 43
|Madru, Gaston||MGM News of Day||European||Battle casualty |
26 Aug 44
|Makin, W.J.||Kelmsley Newspapers||European||Battle casualty |
26 Aug 44
|Miller, Webb||United Press||European||Killed in fall from train in London blackout |
|Morton, Joseph||Associated Press||Mediterranean||Battle casualty (executed) |
26 Jan 45
|Painton, Fred||Reader's Digest||SWPA||Died of heart attack |
1 Apr 45
|Palmer, Keith||Australian News Service||SWPA||Killed covering Empress Augusta landing |
7 Nov 43
|Parer, Damien||Paramount News||SWPA||Killed in Peleliu |
6 Jul 44
|Percy, Harry||United Press||Mediterranean||Died of malaria in Cairo |
20 Apr 42
|Poague, Harry||American Red Cross||SWPA||Non battle air crash in Port Moresby |
26 Nov 43
|Post, R.B.||N.Y. Times||European||Missing bomber raid over Germany |
26 Feb 43
|Prist, Frank||Acme||SWPA||Battle casualty killed by sniper on Leyte |
12 Nov 44
|Pyle, Ernest T.||Scripps-Howard||SWPA||Battle casualty killed on Ie Shima |
18 Apr 45
|Rayner, Pendil||Brisbane Telegram||SWPA||Non battle plane crash in New Guinea |
27 Dec 44
|Rippon, W.E.||Petersborough Advocate||European||Battle casualty |
17 Mar 45
|Robertson, Ben||N.Y. Herald Tribune||European||Killed in Clipper crash in Lisbon |
21 Feb 45
|Shenkel, William||Newsweek||India-Burma||Missing on B-29 strike since |
16 June 44
|Smith, William||Australian D. of I.||SWPA||3 July 45|
|Singer, Jack||INS||SWPA (Navy)||Killed aboard USS Wasp |
15 Sept 42
|Stringer, William||Reuters||European||17 Aug 44|
|Taves, Brydon||United Press||European||Non battle plane crash in New Guinea |
27 Dec 43
|Terry, John B.||Chicago Daily News||SWPA||Battle casualty|
|Thorpe, A.A.||London Exchange Telegraph||European||Battle casualty |
11 Jun 44
|Thusgaard, Carl||Acme||SWPA||Battle casualty in New Guinea |
20 July 43
|Treanor, Tom||NBC-Los Angeles Times||European||Battle casualty-tank ran over his Jeep in combat area
19 Aug 44
Following are events and circumstances relating to the three accredited correspondents who died upon returning to the United States.
Ben Miller of the Baltimore Sun; Harold Denny of TheNew York Times; and Laurence (Larry) Meier of InternationalNews Service.
Of the 54 war correspondents listed above, 51 died on or neartheir combat theaters of operation. Three on the accreditationlist died in the continental United States.
BEN MILLER, a military affairs reporter forthe Baltimore Sun, received War Department clearance foroverseas duty. To prepare for his mission, Miller scheduled atrip across the United States with the intention of sending back"home town" stories about Maryland servicemen. He neverleft the States. He died on May 18, 1942 in an airplane crash inKansas.
HAROLD DENNY of The New York Times paidheavily for his long service overseas. He died of a heart attackon July 3, 1945 in New York after returning from an extended tourin the European Theater of Operations. Denny was taken prisonerby the Germans and placed in isolated custody in a concentrationcamp. There his health deteriorated. He was freed in a prisonerexchange involving civilians.
Denny made major contributions to the on-going war story inthe early days of Adolf Hitler. In May, 1940 he was assigned tocover the War Office in London. He was there when Norway wasfalling to the Germans. In his routine story file on May 1, 1940,Denny reminded America of the old British maxim--"Englandloses every battle, except the last one."
Denny's stories on May 11 of that dark year reported theinvasion of the low countries by Germany. But he noted that"effective opposition would be brought by the Allies"and that victory was just a matter of time. His analysis told ofNazi plans for the establishment of air bases in the Netherlandsto be used as jumping off spots for raids on England.
On May 14, Denny filed his first copy from the field. He waswith the British army in Belgium noting "the situation isgrave, but not hopeless." He was on the losing side asGermany took the offensive.
On May 16, The New York Times had an exclusivecomminique from Denny. He wrote about British and Germany unitsbeing heavily engaged throughout the low countries. He visitedthe front at Louvain in Belgium, then under heavy bombardmentfrom both ground artillery and Nazi dive bombers. The Germanswere bombing cities and straifing British units at the same time.At this point, America was getting its first taste of what was tobecome known as the"German blits"--the fast-movingmechanized combination of ground arms and aircraft. Denny saidthe British counterattacks were weak, but did manage to slow theGermans. With the aid of a Panzer tank division, the invadingGermans took the city at night.
In the next seven days, it was over for the British. Unitswere pulled back across the Channel. Some made it to France andothers to Dunkirk.
America was not in the war at this time. But Denny's storieswere telling and brutal. He managed to make London where hewrote:
(May 23, 1940)
One of Denny's final stories came on May 28, 1940. He wrote ofthe desperate situation facing the British in Flanders, but theycontinued to fight. He said morale was unbroken, that only oneseaport or escape route back to England remained: Dunkirk. Eventhat would be closed shortly by the Germans. One otheralternative remained-surrender to the Germans.
Harold Denny became a prisoner of the Germans. He spent longdays and months marching across Germany from one Stalag toanother. When he was repatriated, he arrived on the scene in timeto cover the closing days of the war and the total reverse of thefates. He was printed in The New York Times of October22, 1994 with a battlefield dateline from Aachen, Germany.
It must have been a major personal victory for this man towrite the following dispatch:
(October 22, 1944)
The first problem of our military government in Aachen is toget the water supply restored, then the electrical and seweragesystems. Army engineers will clear the streets of debris whereneeded for our own traffic. The telephone system will be restoredfor our own use-the Germans had forbidden Aachen to use thetelephone, telegraph, radio, post or any other form ofcommunications lest they be employed in our spying.
Harold Denny's war was one of the longest for a reporter. Hecame home with victory. He died six months later.
LAURENCE (LARRY) MEIER was anotherparticipant in coverage of early fighting. Meier went overseasfor International News Service. He was on the European front whenthe United States entered hostilities. In the dark days betweenHarold Denny's coverage of the fall of Allied efforts in Europeand the morale-boosting raid on Dieppe by British commandotroops, Meier was a front line reporter.
The Allies were badly in need of a military boost. LikeGeneral Jimmy Doolittle's classic B-25 raid on Japan early in thePacific war, the British planned and executed a major punchtoward Hitler's legions. The plan was to send a fast-strikingoutfit onto French turf. Although billed as an Allied strike, itwas totally British in planning with only a sprinkling of FreeFrench troopers in the unit.
Faces were blackened against glare of enemy rockets.Highly-trained killers hit the coastline near Dieppe the night ofAugust 19, 1942. The American press was represented by a singlereporter. He was selected from a pool on a draw. Meier went inwith the early troops, but was hit in the head by gunfire. It wasthe end of Meier's war. He died many years later in his SanFrancisco home. An attending physician said he succumbed toafter-effects of the head wound he had suffered at Dieppe.
Regardless of the brevity of their field careers, Miller,Denny and Meier were major contributors to the beginning of amajor war.